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Country Facts in India

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  • Total area: 3,287,240km2
  • Land: km²
  • Water: 9.56km2 (.4%)
  • Population: 1,166,079,217 (2009 est)
  • Growth rate: 1.548% (2009 est)
  • Birth rate: 22.22 births/1,000 population (2009 est)
  • Death rate: 6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2009 est)
  • Life expectancy: 69.89 years (2009 est)
  • Male: 67.46 years (2009 est)
  • Female: 72.61 years (2009 est)
  • Fertility rate: 2.72 children born/woman (NFHS-3, 2008)
Neighboring country:

Pakistan, Nepal, China, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar

  • Currency of India: Rupee
  • Code: INR
  • Subunit: paisa
  • 1 rupee = 100 paisa
  • Coins:
    Freq. used: 1, 2, 5 & 10 rupees
    Rarely used: 5, 10, 20, 25 & 50 paisa
  • Banknotes:
    Freq. used: 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 & 1000 rupees;
  • Central Bank: Reserve Bank of India
  • Mint: India Government Mint

Politics of India take place in a framework of Federal parliamentary multi-party representative democratic republic modeled after the British West minister System. The Prime Minister of India is the head of government, while the President of India is the formal head of state and holds substantial reserve power, placing him or her in approximately the same position as the British monarch. The government exercises executive power. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the Parliament of India. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

According to constitution, India is a “sovereign socialist democratic republic”. India is the largest state by population with a democratically elected government. In the 2004 Indian elections, the INC won the largest number of Lok Sabha seats and formed a government with a coalition called the United Progress Alliance (UPA), supported by various parties. In the 2009 Lok Sabha Elections, it won again with a surprising majority, the INC itself winning more than 200 seats.

At the federal level, India is the most populous democracy in the world. While many neighboring countries witness frequent coups, Indian democracy has been suspended only once. Nevertheless, Indian politics is often described as chaotic. More than a fifth of parliament members face criminal charges.


Official language:

  • Hindi written in the Devanagari script.
  • English is a subsidiary official language as per the India Constitution.
  • The following lists the official languages set out in the eight schedule as of May,2008

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujrati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepal, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu


The vast majority of Indians associate themselves with a religion, and religious tolerance is established in both law and custom. The Constitution of India declares the nation to be a secular republic that must uphold the right of citizens to freely worship and propagate any religion or faith (with activities subject to reasonable restrictions for the sake of morality, law and order, etc). Indian census has established the following religions in accounts for their popularity in population, which is being furnished, bellow in brief:

  • Hinduism (80.5%)
  • Islam (13.4%)
  • Christianity (2.3%)
  • Sikhism (1.9%)
  • Buddhism
  • Jainism

The culture of India has been shaped by its long history, unique geography, diverse demographics and the absorption of customs, traditions and ideas from some of its neighbors as well as by preserving its ancient heritages, which were formed during the Indus Valley Civilization and evolved further during the Vedic age, rise and decline of Buddhism, Golden age, Muslim conquests and European colonization..
India's great diversity of religious, languages, customs, and traditions are examples of this unique co-mingling over the past five millennia. The various religions and tradition of India that were created by these amalgamations have influenced other parts of the world too.


Sport in India includes cricket, football, field hockey,lawn tennis and golf. Though field hockey is the national sport of India, cricket is the most popular sport in the country.

Imp cities:

There are many cities in India to make it glorified in the world in field of culture, industry, agriculture etc.

  • Agra
  • Chandigarh
  • Jaipur
  • Ahmedabad
  • Chennai
  • Bangalore
  • Delhi
  • Pune
  • Kolkata
  • Hydrabad
  • Thiruvananthapuram