Total Area: 8,514,877 sq km
Land: 8,459,417 sq km
Water: 55,460 sq km
July 2010 estimate: 201,103,330
July 2004 estimate: 184,101,109
Currency of Brazil: real (BRL)
Subunit: 1/100 centavo
Banknote: R$2, R$5, R$10, R$20, R$50, R$100 (freq. used); R$1 (rarely used)
Central Bank: Central Bank of Brazil
Mint: Casa de Moeda do Brasil
Government Type: Federal Republic
The President is both the chief of state and head of government.
Constitution: 5 October 1988
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the President
Elections: President and Vice-President elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a single four-year term.
Judicial Branch: Supreme Federal Tribunal or STF (11 ministers are appointed for life by the president and confirmed by the Senate); Higher Tribunal of Justice; Regional Federal Tribunals (judges are appointed for life)
Though appointed for life, mandatory retirement age for the judges, like all federal employees, is 70.
Largest Political Parties: Workers’ Party (PT); Democrats (DEM); Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB-center); Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB); Progressive Party (PP); Brazilian Labor Party (PTB); Liberal Party (PL); Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB); Popular Socialist Party (PDT); and the Communist Party of Brazil (PCdoB)
Official Language of Brazil: Portuguese
Less Common Languages: Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a number of minor Amerindian Languages.
Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%
According to 2000 census.
Culture: The main culture of Brazil is derived from Portuguese culture, because of its strong colonial ties with the Portuguese empire. Among other influences, the Portuguese introduced the Portuguese language, Roman Catholicism and colonial architectural styles. The Brazilian culture was strongly influenced by African, indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions. Some aspects of the Brazilian culture were influenced by the contributions of Italian, German and other European immigrants who arrived in large numbers in the South and Southeast Brazil. The Amerindians influenced Brazil’s language and cuisine, and the Africans influenced language, cuisine, music, dance, and religion.
Most popular sport: Football (one of the most influential Brazilian football players Pele, considered as the best football player of all time)
Other Sports: Skateboarding, Athletics, Swimming, Judo, etc.
Brasilia (the Capital)
Rio de Janeiro